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Recognizing the Signs: What Does a Melanoma Look Like?

Melanoma is a serious and potentially life-threatening form of skin cancer that can spread quickly to other parts of the body if left untreated. All experts including Sundoctors say that early detection is critical for successful treatment and improved outcomes, which is why it is important to know what a melanoma looks like. 

What is Melanoma?

It is the type of cancer of skin which begins in skin pigments that are responsible for producing pigments. These cells are called melanocytes. Melanoma can develop anywhere on the body, but is most commonly found on the arms, legs, back, and face.

What Does a Melanoma Look Like?

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Melanomas can appear in a variety of ways, but the most common sign of melanoma is a change in the appearance of a mole on the skin. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends using the “ABCDE” rule to identify possible melanomas:

  1. Asymmetry: The mole has an irregular shape, with one half that looks different from the other half.
  2. Border: The border of the mole is uneven or notched.
  3. Color: The color of the mole is not the same throughout, with shades of brown, black, and/or other colors present.
  4. Diameter: The mole is larger than 6 millimeters in diameter, or the size of a pencil eraser.
  5. Evolving: The mole is changing in size, shape, color, or texture over time.

It is important to note that not all melanomas will have all of these features, and some melanomas may not have any of these features. Additionally, melanomas can also appear as a new mole or growth on the skin that was not present before.

Why is Early Detection Important?

  1. Improved outcomes: The earlier melanoma is detected, the better the chances of successful treatment and improved outcomes. In the early stages of melanoma, the cancer cells are limited to the outer layer of skin and can be easily removed with surgery or other treatments.
  2. Reduced risk of spread: If melanoma is not detected and treated early, it can spread to other parts of the body, making treatment more difficult and increasing the risk of complications.
  3. Lower cost: Early treatment of melanoma is typically less invasive and less expensive than treatment of advanced melanoma.
  4. Improved quality of life: Early treatment of melanoma can help you maintain your normal activities and reduce the risk of disfigurement or scarring.

How to Detect Melanoma Early

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  1. Regular skin exams: The best way to detect melanoma early is to perform regular skin exams, so you can identify any changes in your skin. You should examine your skin once a month and report any changes to your doctor.
  2. Use of technology: Digital dermoscopy and other diagnostic tools can help detect melanoma early. Your doctor may use a dermatoscope to examine your skin and check for any signs of melanoma.
  3. Know your skin: It is important to know your skin, so you can recognize any changes that may be signs of melanoma. You should be aware of the number, size, and shape of your moles, and report any changes to your doctor.
  4. Consult a dermatologist: If you have any concerns about your skin or a skin growth, don’t hesitate to see a dermatologist for a professional evaluation. Dermatologists have the expertise and experience to diagnose and treat melanoma accurately and effectively.


Early detection is critical for successful treatment and improved outcomes for skin cancer. This  is why it is important to know what a melanoma looks like and how to detect it early. Regular skin exams, use of technology, knowing your skin, and consulting a dermatologist can all help increase your chances of early detection. If you have any concerns about your skin or a skin growth, don’t hesitate to seek the help of a dermatologist. Early detection can mean the difference between life and death for melanoma patients, so take control of your skin health today and be proactive about protecting your skin from melanoma.

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Sara Benz
Hello, I'm Sara Benz, and I'm a certified Health & Beauty blog writer, and I've completed my master's degree from a US university, and I have 3 years of experience writing blog posts. I write on topics including Health & Beauty. My work has been published by various websites such as TechUp99.com, AffairView.com, WikiVice.com, and more.